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Deep occlusion.

Deep bite belongs to a group of vertical anomalies. Deep bite has very characteristic, pronounced symptoms in the mouth. It is characterized by a significant overlap of the upper front teeth over lower ones and the absence of cutting and cuspal interference between them. Such occlusion problems not only violate face aesthetics causing discomfort and insecurity, but also can cause serious damage to the body. Teeth hurt palate and gums in the lower lip area. A patient experiences discomfort or even pain when chewing.

Mucous membrane injury leads to gingivitis and periodontitis. Deep bite is often accompanied by narrowed upper and lower jaws, front tooth crowding. Patients suffering from deep bite complain that it is difficult to open their mouth when waking up, as teeth are clenched too tightly when they sleep. In addition, deep bite is characterized by an increased dental abrasion. As a result, muscles involved in chewing change their tone, which leads to the pathology of the temporomandibular joint. This is manifested by the fact that patients experience joint crunch and clicking and pain moving the lower jaw. This pathology of the temporomandibular joint is a common cause of headaches and ear pain. And the most unpleasant complication is hearing loss (missing a range of sounds). Decline and deterioration of hearing loss progresses very slowly and initially goes quite unnoticeable by the patient. In addition to hearing defects they suffer from a reduced sense of taste, chronic gum diseases, which leads to the impossibility of dental prosthetics. Therefore, in order to alleviate the symptoms of a deep bite and prepare for prosthetics, a patient should wear removable orthodontic appliances for a long time.

Prevention of a deep bite is recommended for the children aged 3 to 10, who should use trainers. Minor results in the deep bite treatment can be achieved with the help of removable devices, namely, plates, Frankel appliance. Good results are usually achieved by braces treatment. Moreover, only now there are specialists who can competently carry out bite rehabilitation. It is much better not to treat deep bite, but to prevent it using preventive measures.

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Malocclusion treatment.

Malocclusion is not only aesthetic problem; malocclusion causes numerous gum and oral cavity diseases.The causes of malocclusion development are heredity, chronic diseases, bad habits, premature extraction of baby teeth, inborn toothlessness.

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Dental braces.

Do you dream of having an even tooth alignment, are you tired of covering your smile? It is time you started wearing braces.
Today more than ever Hollywood smile cult defines our lifestyle, and wearing braces has become a symbol of prosperity, wealth and desire for success.

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Posterior (distal) occlusion.

Posterior occlusion is one of the most complex ones in terms of orthodontic treatment. The most difficult thing is that few dentists know how to treat distal occlusion. In the overwhelming number of cases, orthodontists insist on the removal of upper jaw teeth to treat this type of malocclusion.

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Anterior occlusion.

Anterior bite or progeny is characterized by upper jaw body underdevelopment, protruding lower jaw and chin. Teeth overlap in reverse, that is, upper teeth overlap lower teeth. The signs of anterior bite are so conspicuous that it cannot be confused with any other pathology.

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Abocclusion.

Abocclusion is one of the most difficult bites in terms of orthodontic treatment. Abocclusion is characterized by non-joining of front or lateral teeth. In the past years orthodontists strongly refused to treat abocclusion, because they lacked the knowledge and possibilities.

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Cross-bite occlusion.

Cross-bite occlusion is characterized by a wrong (reverse) overlap of the upper teeth against the lower teeth. Cross-bite can occur on one or both sides, in front or lateral part of the jaws. Patients with cross bite find it nearly impossible to eat properly and adequately as they can chew food only using one side of the mouth.

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Direct occlusion.

Many patients and doctors do not consider direct bite to be a pathology, but only as long as the patient's teeth do not turn into an evenly flat worn-out platforms. Direct bite is characterized by zero overlapping of anterior teeth, whereas normal upper teeth should overlap lower teeth by 1/3 of their crown length.

Dental crowding.

Dental crowding is not just a cosmetic flaw. Dental crowding is sure to give you gum and other periodontal tissue problems. Crowded and misplaced teeth are particularly vulnerable to decay due to the constant plaque accumulation. In this case, we have a kind of a vicious circle: plaque causes tooth decay and inflammation of the gums due to dental crowding.

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Adontia (edentia, anodontia).

Adontia is complete or partial absence of teeth. Adontia can occur at any age, which means in milk, mixed or permanent occlusion. In other words, the patient who is missing at least one tooth is diagnosed with adontia. Teeth can be removed because of dental diseases or not erupt at all. Logically, edentulous patients should be referred to a prosthetist, i.e. an orthopedic dentist, to restore the dentition continuity.

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How to maintain an orthodontic result.

Maintaining the result is an important stage of orthodontic treatment completion. Your treatment is not complete immediately after taking-off the braces, you have to continue your orthodontic treatment. There are various options how to maintain the result after taking-off the braces: dental splinting, retainer fabrication, flexible trays, trainers, etc.

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Mouth-guard tooth straightening.

Then your solution is to visit an orthodontist to get an invisible tooth straightening mouth-guard. Transparent mouth-guards will help you to get a perfect smile without wearing braces. There is no enamel damage, poor hygiene, rubbing mucous membrane by braces elements.

Diastema, trema.

Diastema is a visible space between the central incisors. It is believed that diastema adds certain charm to a person, but many do not like such a special appeal.

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Additional teeth in orthodontics.

Additional teeth in the mouth require orthodontic correction. In this case an orthodontist has to meet the major challenge, deciding whether to remove or not to remove an additional tooth. Since correct occlusion means a complete set of teeth, it is obvious that an additional tooth will have to be removed.

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Orthodontic prosthetic pretreatment.

In the modern world a person may get to know that they need orthodontic treatment when they are 40 or 50 years old. When young a lot of people didn't treat malocclusions, and there were few specialists who understood orthodontics in the past . And when it comes to crowning a tooth or making dentures, it turns out that a dentist cannot accomplish this task because of the patient's malocclusion. Only natural teeth can be crooked and misplaced.

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Impacted tooth.

Impacted teeth are the teeth that could not erupt on their own in due time and in the correct position in the tooth alignment. Impacted teeth are most often diagnosed by means of orthopantomography. They can be identified by an orthodontist or an attentive dentist. In all the circumstances, there is a need for an X-ray image.

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Lingual braces.

That's right, no one but you and your dentist will notice that you have such a miracle in your mouth. We don't mean aesthetic braces that are virtually invisible to others, we are talking about the braces that are not bonded to the tooth front surface at all. In contrast to conventional vestibular braces