Deep bite belongs to a group of vertical anomalies. Deep bite has very characteristic, pronounced symptoms in the mouth. It is characterized by a significant overlap of the upper front teeth over lower ones and the absence of cutting and cuspal interference between them. Such occlusion problems not only violate face aesthetics causing discomfort and insecurity, but also can cause serious damage to the body. Teeth hurt palate and gums in the lower lip area. A patient experiences discomfort or even pain when chewing.
Mucous membrane injury leads to gingivitis and periodontitis. Deep bite is often accompanied by narrowed upper and lower jaws, front tooth crowding. Patients suffering from deep bite complain that it is difficult to open their mouth when waking up, as teeth are clenched too tightly when they sleep. In addition, deep bite is characterized by an increased dental abrasion. As a result, muscles involved in chewing change their tone, which leads to the pathology of the temporomandibular joint. This is manifested by the fact that patients experience joint crunch and clicking and pain moving the lower jaw. This pathology of the temporomandibular joint is a common cause of headaches and ear pain. And the most unpleasant complication is hearing loss (missing a range of sounds). Decline and deterioration of hearing loss progresses very slowly and initially goes quite unnoticeable by the patient. In addition to hearing defects they suffer from a reduced sense of taste, chronic gum diseases, which leads to the impossibility of dental prosthetics. Therefore, in order to alleviate the symptoms of a deep bite and prepare for prosthetics, a patient should wear removable orthodontic appliances for a long time.
Prevention of a deep bite is recommended for the children aged 3 to 10, who should use trainers. Minor results in the deep bite treatment can be achieved with the help of removable devices, namely, plates, Frankel appliance. Good results are usually achieved by braces treatment. Moreover, only now there are specialists who can competently carry out bite rehabilitation. It is much better not to treat deep bite, but to prevent it using preventive measures.