Baby teeth treatment.
How does baby tooth decay progress?
Children's tooth decay differs from that of adults. Milk teeth have very thin enamel, especially in the areas between the teeth and at the gum margins, bacteria from plaque can easily get to the dentin. Dentin is the main tooth tissue. It is much softer than enamel and is destroyed more rapidly, so decayed baby teeth do not look so bad for the time being. When only a small hole is seen on the enamel of decayed baby teeth, internal destruction can be much more extensive.
Tooth decay can destroy a baby tooth dentin to an extent when germs get into the child's tooth pulp. At this stage the complication of tooth decay, pulpitis, begins.
You should bear in mind that baby tooth pulp is not so sensitive, that's why the disease often progresses virtually asymptomatic, that is not accompanied by pain. It happens due to the anatomical peculiarities of primary teeth. However, any disease is a disease, and if a child does not complain that they feel pain, it does not mean that their teeth are all right. When bacteria get on the pulp of the tooth, it decays quickly, whereas bacteria penetrate even further, to the tooth root.
Baby tooth periodontitis
The next stage of baby tooth decay complication is periodontitis. Bacteria from the tooth root spread to the surrounding tissue causing bone inflammation. At this stage a child can start feeling serious pain, get a fever, cheek swelling. Periostitis – periosteum inflammation – is a very serious and dangerous disease, which must be prevented at all costs.
Attention! Baby teeth, like secondary teeth, have roots, canals and they are attached to the bone the same way they grow in adults. When baby teeth are changed to permanent, baby teeth roots dissolve and the tooth is removed much easier.
Pediatric dentistry usually deals with such conditions as tooth decay, pulpitis and periodontitis.
Baby tooth decay is treated easily, quickly and effectively. The treatment of the affected baby tooth involves removing all the damaged, softened tissue infected with bacteria. The decayed tooth is sterilized and the hole is sealed with special restorative materials. Thus, baby tooth is protected from bacteria. Now it could function till baby teeth are replaced by permanent.
Milk tooth pulpitis and periodontitis treatment is a very important issue. The only thing is for sure: the further you delay the treatment, the worse perspectives the treatment will have. A seriously defected baby tooth may not function long enough to be replaced by a permanent one (permanent teeth start replacing baby teeth when children are 6 to 7 years old and as a rule finish replacing them when children are 12 to 13 years old).
Many parents believe it is no use treating baby teeth because they will be replaced anyway. Yet, it is vital to stop the destruction process and to remove the infection nidus from the oral cavity. The presence of numerous putrefactive and malignant bacteria in the child's mouth weakens the immunity, increases the risk of all kinds of acute respiratory infections, pharyngites, laryngites, and even gastrointestinal tract diseases. And one more thing: a child suffers from imperfection as much as the next man. If a child has black teeth destroyed by decay, if other people can smell bad breath, your child is unlikely to get more confident and to win children and adults they communicate with.
When baby teeth start erupting, their roots are not formed yet. From the age of 3 baby teeth have the same roots permanent teeth do. But very soon their roots start dissolving under the pressure of permanent teeth, which leads to baby teeth falling out.
The complexity of primary teeth decay treatment in children is caused by the fact that a child does not let a dentist restore a damaged tooth qualitatively and beautifully. A child is afraid of strangers, they get scared by the new environment, they can simply get tired of sitting in the same position. That is why until recently dentists have not tried to treat children as well as adults.
Do we have to treat decayed baby teeth or remove them? Of course, we should treat them. Early removal of baby teeth leads to a number of serious violations. The most important is complicated permanent tooth eruption. When you remove a baby tooth, adjacent teeth begin to shift from their spots, filling the empty space, and a permanent tooth can erupt in the wrong spot. Then, becoming a teenager the child and their parents will face problem of tooth alignment and malocclusion correction, which is an expensive and long-lasting treatment. The lack of primary teeth affects normal food chewing, and as we know, digestion begins in the mouth. The child experiences occlusion, diction and facial skeleton violation, formation of cosmetic flaws.
Baby bottle tooth decay
Baby bottle tooth decay is caused by heredity, poor hygiene or the child's diet. The main parental error is feeding a baby with sweet formula of juices before the baby goes to bed, during the night, as well as the lack of proper routine tooth care. All the carbohydrates that remain on baby's teeth feed the bacteria and cause tooth decay. Parents can learn how to look after the baby's teeth and mouth properly from a pediatric dentist, who will tell about these things in detail during the first visit to the Children's Dental Clinic. Parents should visit a clinic when a child is one year old or even earlier, when the first teeth erupt. This is the basis of prevention of children's dental diseases.
How do teeth affected by baby bottle tooth decay look like?
Baby bottle decay affects 4-6 front teeth. It manifests itself in a brownish dental deposit. Baby teeth affected by baby bottle decay rot and get destroyed very quickly.
We treat and fill baby teeth because we firmly believe that milk teeth deserve the same attention and respect as permanent teeth that will replace them.
Baby teeth, which have been treated properly, usually live long enough to be naturally replaced by permanent teeth and they fully carry on their physiological functions.
When the decay affects only tooth surface (one can see white spots on the enamel) we use remineralizing therapy, which is a modern and effective analogy of silvering. First we clear baby teeth from deposits, and then cover them with special mineral containing solutions. Baby tooth enamel recovers, and white spots disappear. However, the initial stage of tooth decay in a child can be seen and easily cured only on the condition that the parents have their child's teeth examined regularly. With small children preventive dental check-ups should be done every three months.
If you are trying to save some money by not treating your child's milk teeth, you are trying to save money at the expense of your child's health. A child's tooth decay further development will cause much more serious problems with their permanent teeth, which will require long-term and expensive treatment.