Adontia (edentia, anodontia).
Adontia is complete or partial absence of teeth. Adontia can occur at any age, which means in milk, mixed or permanent occlusion. In other words, the patient who is missing at least one tooth is diagnosed with adontia. Teeth can be removed because of dental diseases or not erupt at all. Logically, edentulous patients should be referred to a prosthetist, i.e. an orthopedic dentist, to restore the dentition continuity.
But an orthopedic dentist cannot always restore a missing tooth, due to the absence of appropriate conditions in the mouth. For example, adjacent teeth could have moved too close together or apart from each other because "nature abhors vacuum." In this case, a patient will need orthodontic help to correct tooth location and create favorable conditions for prosthesis or another type of restoration.
Missing teeth in milk bite or early removal of permanent teeth in the majority of cases leads to serious occlusion problems in the future. When some teeth are missing, there may be a discrepancy between the sizes of the upper or lower jaw, which leads to the distal or anterior bite. Only a restoration of a set of teeth can guarantee the correct result of orthodontic treatment.
An experienced orthodontic dentist in Kiev can prepare the place for the missing teeth and a prosthetist will restore the integrity of the tooth alignment. Adontia cannot be treated by a single doctor, this complicated treatment involves the collaboration of an orthodontist and a restorative dentist (prosthetist).